Doghouses, Doors & Design

By Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum, September 21, 2006

Grade Level

  • Elementary School

Category

  • Architecture

Subject Area

  • Language Arts
  • Mathematics
  • Technology

Lesson Time

One fifty-minute class period, one homework assignment

Introduction

In this activity, students will engage in active problem solving as they create a design for a doghouse. They will work in collaborative groups, explore numerical problems, and explain the strategies they used to solve design problems.

National Standards

Objectives

Students will do the following:
  • use varied strategies to solve a design problem involving numbers
  • explain their strategies to an audience

Resources

  • Doghouses  (Google image search)
  • "Pet House Design" handout

Materials

  • computer with Internet access

Procedures

Building Background Door Adventures & Observations

The purpose of this activity is to increase students' awareness of design variations in common objects in their environment. 1. Ask the students to discuss the following prompts:
  • Why do rooms have doors?
  • What are doors made of?
  • How many kinds of doors can you think of?
  2. Ask each student to draw a picture of a door. Have the students share their drawings with the entire class. 3. Take your students on a tour of the school and ask them to observe all the doors they see. When you return to the classroom, draw a sketch on the board showing how the doors make a connection between rooms.

Steps for Learning Pet House Design

1. Show the students three pictures of floor plans at the following links, and ask them to locate the doors in each: 2. Divide the class into small groups and give each group a copy of the "Pet House Design" handout. Read the assignment aloud with your students and clarify any questions. Tell the students that they are using the steps of the design process to solve a problem. 3. Provide time for the students to share their work. Ask the students to explain their design to their classmates. Encourage the students to ask questions about the different designs, and how they generated ideas to solve their design task. Talk about how different students solved the doghouse design problem in different ways, and how there are many ways to solve problems.

Assessment

Reflection
Teacher Note: You may wish to complete the reflection component with your students.-Rate your doghouse design. Excellent             Good            Adequate            Poor -Rate your creativity. Excellent             Good            Adequate            Poor -Rate how well you explained your thinking to your classmates. Excellent             Good            Adequate            Poor -Rate how well you shared your ideas with your classmates. Excellent             Good            Adequate            Poor

Enrichment Extension Activities

Activity One: Create a Floor plan
Ask your students to draw a floor plan fora bedroom or living room. Have them use the resource at http://www.math-kitecture.com/ . This is an excellent activity for students to work on at home.

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