By Susan Miller, December 26, 2006
- Elementary School
- Graphic Design
- Social Studies
Two or three 50-minute periods
Students will design and produce stamps for decorative purposes. Finding inspiration from the way cloth is made in Africa and Asia, each student will create a series of cards and/or wrapping paper using the same technique. This experience will help students understand that design is used for many purposes and will allow them to explore ideas through the process of brainstorming. Through experimentation with printing, they will see that a variety of visual effects can be made with a limited range of images or prints.
Social Studies Level II, Standard: Understands the historical perspectiveLevel II, Standard 5: Understands and applies basic and advanced properties of the concepts of geometry 5. Uses motion geometry (e.g., turns, flips, slides) to understand geometric relationships Art Level II, Standard 1: Understands and applies media, techniques, and processes related to the visual arts 2. Knows how different materials, techniques, and processes cause different responses from the viewer Standard 4: Understands the visual arts in relation to history and cultures
- anticipate the results of using stamps to create patterns and visual effects through repetition
- enhance their understanding of positive and negative space
- be more sensitive to the way in which certain commercial and hand-crafted fabrics and papers are made
- investigate fabrics and products made in different areas in the world and the culture of where and how they were made
- Fabric Painting by Hand by Stephen Russ, Studio Vista Limited, London, 1996 (the section on printing is good and there is a great image of someone printing with a block on fabric, page 43)
- images of African Adrinka cloth and/or Indonesian stamped cloth
- thin yellow markers, washable
- a Xeroxed grid measured to the size of the stamp being made
- blocks of wood
- self-adhesive rubber material (Dick Blick sells a kit with the wood and the rubber material or you can buy the rubber material and provide your own wooden blocks http://www.dickblick.com/? This kit provides 2" x 2" blocks of wood, but be advised, the actual face that will be covered with the rubber material measures 1.75" because the sides are beveled)
- ink pads with assorted colors
- construction and/or drawing paper (size can vary based on card size to be made)
- tissue paper
positive/negative space dimension line brainstorming
Lesson 1/Planning and Creating the Stamp A. Set-up Assemble materials and have them ready to hand out to students: pencils, Xeroxed grids, pre-cut rubber, wooden blocks, scissors, yellow markers, stamp pads. B. Discussion (5-8 minutes) 1. Gather students together for a discussion and demonstration. 2. Show pictures of Indonesian and /or Adinkra stamped cloth, pointing out the repetition of images and the patterns created. Try to show an image of a person working with a stamp (see image suggested above in resources). Ask students how they think the cloth was made. If no one guesses that a stamp was used, then you might ask if they have used stamps and stamp pads either with letters or images and/or point out the image of someone printing. 3. Tell students that they will be designing stamps to use to create cards and wrapping paper inspired by the type of fabrics created in other cultures, e.g., Indonesian and certain African cultures. There are three basic steps.
- Brainstorm ideas on the Xeroxed grid.
- Transfer ideas from the grid to the rubber and then onto the block of wood.
- Create cards and/or paper with the stamp/s.
You can assess students’ knowledge of positive and negative space from their brainstorming drawings on the Xeroxed grid. Review the drawings with the students in order to determine their understanding of positive and negative space. In some cases, you might need to work individually with students to further illustrate the concept. Assess students’ ability to brainstorm by evaluating how easily they could come up with different ideas. Final products can be viewed to assess if students were able to follow through in the actual printing/use of their stamp/s to create cards and/or wrapping paper.
Enrichment Extension Activities
Have students look at cards and paper in a specialty paper store to investigate the processes used in printing technology. Look at cloths made by different ethnic groups, investigating the imagery and iconography. Question whether the images have particular meanings or are primarily decorative. A cross-curricular connection can be made with Social Studies classes in order to study the areas and cultures the fabrics come from. Mathematics could be used with the fabrics by talking about tessellations/ tiling.